Brachychiton rupestris (T.Mitch. ex Lindl.) K. Schum. Extracts Inhibit the Growth of Streptococcus pyogenes

groupview

Abstract
Pharmacognosy Communications,2019,9,1,27-33.
Published:January 2019
Type:Original Article

Brachychiton rupestris (T.Mitch. ex Lindl.) K. Schum. Extracts Inhibit the Growth of Streptococcus pyogenes

Lindiwe Mpala1, Getmore Chikowe1, Ian Edwin Cock1,2,*

1School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Rd, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, AUSTRALIA.

2Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Rd, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, AUSTRALIA.

Abstract:

Introduction: Streptococcus pyogenes is a gram positive pathogenic bacterium which causes a variety of diseases including streptococcal pharyngitis, impetigo and rheumatic heart disease. Many Brachychiton spp. have reported uses to treat pathogenic illness and are rich in flavonoids with reported antibacterial activity. Despite this, B. rupestris leaf extracts have not previously been examined for bacterial growth inhibitory properties. Methods: The ability of B. rupestris leaf extracts to inhibit the growth of S. pyogenes was investigated by disc diffusion and growth time course assays. The growth inhibitory activity was further quantified by MIC determination. Toxicity was determined using the Artemia franciscana nauplii bioassay. Results: The methanolic and aqueous B. rupestris leaf extracts were potent inhibitors of S. pyogenes growth, with MIC values as low as 445μg/mL. The antibacterial activity of the methanolic and aqueous B. rupestris leaf extracts were further investigated by growth time course assays that showed significant growth inhibition within 1h of exposure. All extracts were determined to be nontoxic in the Artemia franciscana nauplii bioassay, indicating their safety for use in preventing S. pyogenes associated diseases caused by these pathogens. Conclusion: The lack of toxicity of the B. rupestris leaf extracts and their growth inhibitory bioactivity against S. pyogenes indicate their potential in the development of new therapies for rheumatic fever, pharyngitis, impetigo and other illnesses caused by this bacterium.

Founded:  In 2004, as the PHCOG.NET – a non-profit private organization dedicated to Natural Products Research leading to develop promising drugs. Our main mission is to make information on herbal drug research readily available in different formats to suit the individual needs.

Pharmacognosy Communications [Phcog Commn.] is a new quarterly journal published by Phcog.Net. It is a peer reviewed journal aiming to publish high quality original research articles, methods, techniques and evaluation reports, critical reviews, short communications, commentaries and editorials of all aspects of medicinal plant research. The journal is aimed at a broad readership, publishing articles on all aspects of pharmacognosy, and related fields. The journal aims to increase understanding of pharmacognosy as well as to direct and foster further research through the dissemination of scientific information by the  publication of manuscripts. The submission of original contributions in all areas of pharmacognosy are welcome.

The journal aims to cater the latest outstanding developments in the field of pharmacognosy and natural products and drug design covering but not limited to the following topics:

  • Pharmacognosy and pharmacognistic investigations
  • Research based ethnopharmacological evaluations
  • Biological evaluation of crude extracts, essential oils and pure isolates
  • Natural product discovery and evaluation
  • Mechanistic studies
  • Method and technique development and evaluation
  • Isolation, identification and structural elucidation of natural products
  • Synthesis and transformation studies

Distinctions:  The most widely read, cited, and known Pharmacognosy Communications and website is well browsed with all the articles published. More than 20,000 readers in nearly every country in the world each month

Aim and Scope | Editorial Board | Indexed & Abstracted | Instruction to Authors | Manuscript Submission & Charges

Subjects Covered : Natural Products, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Marine Pharmacognosy and Zoo Pharmacognosy
ISSN :2249-0159 (Print) ; 2249-0167 (Online) Frequency : Quarterly Rapid at a time publication (4 issues/year)

Indexed and Abstracted in : Chemical Abstracts, Excerpta Medica / EMBASE, Google Scholar, CABI Full Text, Ulrich’s International Periodical Directory, ProQuest, Journalseek & Genamics, PhcogBase, EBSCOHost, Academic Search Complete, Open J-Gate, SciACCESS.
Rapid publication: Average time from submission to first decision is 30 days and from acceptance to In Press online  publication is 45 days.
Open Access Journal: Phcog Commn. is an open access journal, which allows authors to fund their article to be open access from publication.